Christianity and Natural Philosophy
Professor J.H. Brooke has written an historian's Perspective for C-A-N- on "Christianity and the Rise of Modern Science" which includes the interactions of what was initially called ‘Natural Philosophy' and ideas from Christianity. To view the article, click on HISTORY: The Rise of Science.
John Brooke cites key papers and books for the different issues touched on within his Perspective. For fuller overviews he suggests:
David C. Lindberg and Ronald L. Numbers (eds.), When Science & Christianity Meet (Chicago UP, 2003). [Includes an excellent bibliographic guide]
John Brooke and Geoffrey Cantor, Reconstructing Nature: The Engagement of Science & Religion (T & T Clark and Oxford UP, 2000).